Serpent Mound Mysteries
"The Adena were a loosely associated series of semi-tribal groups that formed a more-or-less homogeneous culture that dominated central and eastern North America for close to 1,000 years, from 1000-100 b.c. Their culture, and all of the major Woodland Period cultures that were to follow, was centered in the area that would later become known as the state of Ohio — specifically, southern Ohio. The Adena were named after the mansion of Ohio Governor Worthington, who presided over the state around 1800. The first mound that was traced to this culture was located on the governor's property, near his mansion, "Adena", and was thus called the Adena Mound. In the process of excavating this mound, it was found that it was filled with layer after layer of burials, some of which were laid out in wooden sepulchers that had been, at the time of burial, seven feet wide, ten feet long, and tall enough for a man to stand in. The evidence uncovered by this excavation made it clear that the Adena had made further social and technological advances than had the Archaic Period Native Americans, engaging in increasing amounts of interregional trade, agriculture, accumulation of exotic materials, and the development of complex mortuary practices involving the use of mound burials. The Adena, like their cultural descendants, the Hopewell, were centered around the region of southern Ohio and northern Kentucky, and were particularly associated with the watershed of the Ohio River between." (from, Spring 2003)